The Africa map is a detailed description of the African continent. The map shows all the 54 sovereign states as well as 10 non-sovereign territories that comprise the continent. The map is a detailed representation of the fully recognized states, states that have limited recognition and dependent territories belong to both African as well as non-African states.
taly, Spain, France, Malta, and Portugal are a few European countries that have some territory located in the African continent. Though these territories are much closer to Africa as compared to the European mainland, they are considered European. Similar is the case with the island of Socotra. The island is a part of Yemen, a country in Asia, but actually lies on the African plate and is much near to Africa as compared to Asia. Egypt, too, is considered a part of Africa; however, it extends into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula.
Africa comprises an area of 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles), including the surrounding islands, and is the second largest continent in the world. It is also the second most populous continent in the world and has a population of around 1,2 billion people, as of 2016. Africa comprises around16 percent of the population of the world and covers approximately 6 percent of the surface of the earth. In terms of area and population, Asia is the largest. Among all the continents of the world, Africa has the youngest population. According to statistics, in 2012, the median age in the continent was 19.7.
The Mediterranean Sea is located to the north of Africa, while the Indian Ocean is to the southeast. The Red Sea and the Suez Canal are located to the northeast along the Sinai Peninsula. The Atlantic Ocean is located to the west. The continent includes many archipelagoes, including Madagascar. Apart from these, the continent is made up of 54 fully sovereign countries and nine territories. The continent also includes two de facto independent states, which have either limited or no recognition. Among the countries that comprise the continent, Algeria is the largest in terms of area, while Nigeria is the most populous.
Africa is a huge continent comprising many cultures, languages, ethnicities and traditions. It has also a rich and diverse history. In fact, it is said that Africa is the place where the humankind originated. It is also the place of origin of the Hominidae Clade (great apes). The earliest Homo sapiens that have been found in Ethiopia dated back to approximately 200,000 years ago. Africa, which is home to a diverse landscape and numerous climates, is the only continent in the world that stretches from the northern temperate to the southern temperate zones.
Africa is also home to different environments, and varies from country to country in terms of historical ties, governments, and economies. The Europeans began the process of the colonization of the continent in the late 19th century; however in the 20th century the decolonization process began which led to the emergence of many modern states. The century also witnesses the establishment of the African Union with its headquarters in Addis Abba.
History of Africa
Africa has a rich history, which dates back to many millennia. According to archeologists, the history of Africa starts with Homo sapiens, who originated in the east of the continent. The Kingdom of Kush comprises the first recorded early civilization of Africa. Later civilizations emerged in Maghreb, Ancient Egypt, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa. The Middles Ages witnessed the emergence of Islam, which traveled to Egypt from Arabia. Some of the pre-colonial civilizations, which gained prominence in Africa and also carved a name across the world, are Ancient Carthage, Benin Empire, Kingdom of Zimbabwe, Numidia, Ashanti Empire, and many others.
In 652 AD the second battle of Dongola took place, which witnessed an armistice between the Kingdom of Makuria and the Rashidun Caliphate. Following this, as a part of the Muslim trade, Africans were enslaved by the Muslim Arabs. These slaves were transported across the Sahara Desert, Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The late 15th century witnessed the Europeans joining the slave trade. As a part of the Atlantic Slave Trade, the Portuguese began to acquire slaves. They initially acquired slaves through trade; however, later they began to use force. The slaves were transported out of Africa.
The late 19th and early 20th century witnessed various colonial powers setting up their colonies in Africa. This phase came to be known as the Scramble for Africa. According to estimates, prior to the colonization of the continent, it was home to around 10,000 different states and autonomous groups comprising their distinct culture, traditions, languages, and customs.
The middle of the 20th century witnessed the emergence of the freedom movement in many parts of the continent. These freedoms struggles against the European powers weakened by the devastation of the Second World War enabled many countries to attain independence. This culminated in the 1960 Year of Africa.
Geography of Africa
Africa comprises a diverse geography, which includes mountains, rivers, deserts, and other physical features. Covering an area of 30,368,609 km2 (11,725,385 sq mi), Africa comprises 63 political territories. Nile is the largest river in Africa, while Lake Victoria is the longest river. The highest mountain in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro.
The Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea separate Africa from Europe and a major part of Asia respectively. However, a part of Asia is joined to Africa via the Isthmus of Suez. The Sinai Peninsula, which is located to the east of Suez Canal is often referred to as a part of the African continent.