European Countries

Sovereign European Countries

Recognized Countries in Europe


S.N.European CountryCapitalPopulationCurrencyDialing CodeGDP PPP (Millions)GDP Nominal in MillionsGDP PPP per CapitaArea (km2)Area (sq mi)
1AlbaniaTirana30,20,209Lek+355$32,440$11,590$11,900 28,74811,100
2AndorraAndorra la Vella85,458Euro+376$3,163$4,800$37,200 468181
3ArmeniaYerevan30,60,631Dram+374$25,220$10,610$8,400 29,74311,484
4AustriaVienna82,23,062Euro+43$4,03,800$3,72,600$47,500 83,87132,383
5AzerbaijanBaku96,86,210Manat+994$1,74,300$63,980$18,700 86,60033,436
6BelarusMinsk96,08,058Belarusian ruble+375$1,68,200$62,020$17,800 2,07,60080,155
7BelgiumBrussels112,39,755Euro+32$4,94,600$4,58,700$44,100 30,52811,787
8Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo38,71,643Convertible mark+387$39,460$15,570$10,200 51,19719,767
9BulgariaSofia69,24,716Lev+359$1,32,600$47,170$18,400 1,10,87942,811
10CroatiaZagreb44,70,534Kuna+385$90,330$48,930$21,300 56,59421,851
11CyprusNicosia11,72,458Euro+357$27,910$19,380$31,000 9,2513,572
12Czech RepublicPrague105,38,275Czech koruna+420$3,31,400$1,82,500$31,500 78,86730,451
13DenmarkCopenhagen55,69,077Danish krone+45$2,57,100$2,91,000$45,800 43,09416,639
14EstoniaTallinn12,57,921Euro+372$37,880$22,930$28,700 45,22817,463
15FinlandHelsinki52,68,799Euro+358$2,24,700$2,30,700$41,200 3,38,1451,30,559
16FranceParis662,59,012Euro, CFP franc+33$26,47,000$24,23,000$41,400 6,43,4272,48,429
17GeorgiaTbilisi / T'bilisi49,35,880Lari+995$35,370$13,750$9,500 69,70026,911
18GermanyBerlin809,96,685Euro+49$38,42,000$33,71,000$47,400 3,57,0221,37,847
19GreeceAthens108,16,286Euro+30$2,81,600$1,93,000$25,600 1,31,95750,949
20HungaryBudapest99,19,128Forint+36$2,57,000$1,18,500$26,000 93,02835,918
21IcelandReykjavík3,17,351Icelandic króna+354$15,010$16,740$46,600 1,03,00039,769
22IrelandDublin48,32,765Euro+353$2,50,300$2,27,500$54,300 70,27327,133
23ItalyRome616,80,122Euro+39$21,74,000$18,19,000$35,800 3,01,3401,16,348
24KazakhstanAstana179,48,816Tenge+7-6xx, +7-7xx$43,05,00$1,95,000$24,700 27,24,90010,52,090
25LatviaRiga21,65,165Euro+371$49,890$27,820$24,500 64,58924,938
26LiechtensteinVaduz37,313Swiss franc+423$3,200$5,113$89,400 16062
27LithuaniaVilnius29,43,472Euro+370$82,140$41,780$28,000 65,30025,212
28LuxembourgLuxembourg City5,20,672Euro+352$56,580$57,930$1,02,900 2,586998
29MacedoniaSkopje20,91,719Macedonian denar+389$28,890$10,090$14,000 25,7139,928
30MaltaValletta4,12,655Euro+356$14,750$9,190$34,700 316122
31MoldovaChișinău35,83,288Moldovan leu+373$17,770$6,188$5,000 33,85113,070
32MonacoMonaco30,508Euro+377$6,790$6,063$78,700 20.8
33MontenegroPodgorica6,50,036Euro+382$9,829$3,985$15,700 13,8125,333
34NetherlandsAmsterdam(capital)168,77,351Euro, US dollar, NA guilder, Aruban florin+31$8,31,400$7,50,800$49,300 41,54316,040
35NorwayOslo51,47,792Norwegian krone+47$3,52,800$3,97,600$68,400 3,23,8021,25,021
36PolandWarsaw383,46,279Z?oty+48$10,03,000$4,81,200$26,400 3,12,6851,20,728
37PortugalLisbon104,27,301Euro+351$2,88,600$1,97,500$27,800 92,09035,556
38RomaniaBucharest217,29,871Romanian leu+40$4,11,100$1,74,900$20,600 2,38,39192,043
39RussiaMoscow1462,67,288Russian ruble+7$34,71,000$12,36,000$23,700 170,98,24266,01,668
40San MarinoSan Marino32,742Euro+378$1,952$1,543$62,100 6124
41SerbiaBelgrade72,09,764Serbian dinar+381$97,270$36,560$13,600 88,36134,116
42SlovakiaBratislava54,43,583Euro+421$1,59,600$86,200$29,500 49,03518,933
43SloveniaLjubljana19,88,292Euro+386$63,600$42,740$30,900 20,2737,827
44SpainMadrid477,37,941Euro+34$16,36,000$12,21,000$35,200 5,05,3701,95,124
45SwedenStockholm97,23,809Swedish krona+46$4,67,400$4,83,700$48,000 4,50,2951,73,860
46SwitzerlandBern / Berne80,61,516Swiss franc+41$4,82,700$6,77,000$59,300 41,27715,937
47TurkeyAnkara766,67,864Turkish lira+90$15,76,000$7,22,200$20,500 7,83,5623,02,535
48UkraineKiev442,91,413Ukrainian hryvnia+380$3,34,200$90,140$8,000 6,03,5502,33,032
49United KingdomLondon637,42,977Pound sterling+44$26,60,000$28,65,000$41,200 2,43,61094,058
50Vatican CityVatican City842Euro+379   0.440.17

European Countries with Limited Recognition

The following 6 regions in Europe have partial diplomatic recognition by 1 or more UN member countries (and therefore are Recognized as countries by the constitutive theory of statehood) or have no diplomatic recognition by any UN member country but are recognized as countries by the declarative theory of statehood and are recognized by 1 or more Non-UN member countries. None are members of the UN, EU or Council of Europe.


S.N.European CountriesStatusCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationGDP PPP in MillionsGDP Nominal in MillionsGDP per CapitaArea (km2)Area (sq mi)
1AbkhaziaClaimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia. Recognized or acclaimed by 4 UN countries.SukhumiAbkhazian apsar, Russian ruble+7 840, +7 940, +995 442,50,000 $500  8,6603,344
2KosovoRecognized or acclaimed by 108 UN member countries.PristinaEuro+38118,36,529$17,630 $6,309 $9,570 10,8874,203
3Nagorno-KarabakhClaimed as part ofAzerbaijan. De facto independent state, Recognized or acclaimed by 3 non-UN states.StepanakertArmenian dram, Nagorno-Karabakh dram+374 47 / 971,41,400$411.7 $2,780 7,0002,703
4Northern CyprusRecognized by Turkey. Claimed as part of the Cyprus.NicosiaTurkish lira+902,94,906 $4,273 $15,302 3,3551,295
5South OssetiaClaimed as part of Georgia. Recognized or acclaimed by 4 UN countries.TskhinvaliRussian ruble+995 3470,000$15  $250 3,9001,506
6TransnistriaClaimed as a administrative division of Moldova. De facto independent state, Recognized or acclaimed by three non-UN countries.TiraspolTransnistrian ruble+3735,30,000$799  $1,500 3,5001,351

Dependent Territories in Europe

The following 6 European regions are dependent territories.


S.N.Territories in EuropeLegal statusCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationGDP PPP in MillionsGDP Nominal in MillionsGDP per CapitaArea (km2)Area (sq mi)
1Akrotiri and DhekeliaBritish overseas territoryEpiskopi CantonmentEuro+3577,700 Cypriots, 8,000 British military personnel and their families   25498
2Faroe Islands / Faeroe IslandsConstituent country of DenmarkTórshavnFaroese króna, Danish krone+29849,947$1,471 $2,320 $30,500 1,393538
3GibraltarBritish overseas territoryGibraltarGibraltar pound+35029,185$1,850 $1,850 $43,000 6.52.5
4GuernseyCrown Dependency of the Crown in Right of the UK.Saint Peter PortPound sterling+4465,849$3,451 $2,742 $52,300 7830
5Isle of ManCrown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the UK.DouglasPound sterling+4486,866$6,298 $4,076 $53,800 572221
6JerseyCrown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the UK.Saint HelierPound sterling+4496,513$5,771 $5,771 $57,000 11846

Special areas of Internal Sovereignty

The following regions are recognized integral parts of their controlling country, but have a political arrangement or system which was determined through an international agreement.


S.N.Special Area in EuropeLegal statusCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationGDP PPP in MillionsGDP Nominal in MillionsGDP per CapitaArea (km2)Area (sq mi)
1ÅlandSelf-governing or autonomous area of Finland, significant autonomy as the result of crisis in Åland.MariehamnEuro+35827,500$1,563  $55,829 6,7872,620
2Northern IrelandPart of the UK, devolved government decided by the Good Friday Agreement.BelfastPound Sterling+4418,10,863$45,288 $49,330 $24,760 14,1305,456
3SvalbardSpecial territory of Norway, decided by the Svalbard Treaty.LongyearbyenNorwegian krone+472,019   62,04523,956