US States and Capitals Map

Here is a list of American capital cities that serve or have served as state capitals, country capitals, capitals of territories of the U.S., unincorporated U.S. areas capitals, colonial capitals, and Native American capitals.

Washington, D.C. (formally the District of Columbia), has been the federal capital of the U.S. since 1800. Each state of the United States of America has its own capital, as do various of its insular areas. Most U.S. states have not switched their capital since admission to the Union, but the capitals of their corresponding prior kingdoms, territories, colonies, and republics commonly altered many times. There are other governments in the present boundaries of America with their individual capital cities, like the Native American Tribal nations in the U.S., Republic of Texas, and other anonymous governments.

US States and Capitals

The United States, which is located in North America, is the world’s fourth largest country. Covering an area of approximately 3,796,742 square miles, the United States is composed of 50 states and the federal district of Washington D.C, which is the capital of the country. Of these 50 states, 48 are contiguous and are located between the nations of Canada and Mexico. The other two states are Alaska and Hawaii. While Alaska is located in the northwestern part of North America, Hawaii is located in the mid-Pacific and is an archipelago.

Among these, Alaska is the largest state of the country. The state comprises an area of 665,384 square miles. Meanwhile, the state of Rhode Island, which is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States, is the smallest in terms of area. It covers an area of just 1,545 square miles.

Comprising a population of approximately 39,512,223 people, California is the most populous state of the country, while Wyoming is the least populous with 578,759 people residing in the state.

Delaware, which is situated in the northeastern regions of the United States, was one of the original 13 colonies that took part in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware ratified the Constitution, becoming the first state to do so. The past two centuries have witnessed many other states joining the Union and the most recent case is that of Hawaii. Hawaii was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959.

The map provides information on the various states of the country such as the location, state capitals, state boundaries, and the country boundary. The capital of the United States, Washington D.C., is also clearly marked on the map. Each state has been depicted in a different color to enable the user to distinguish one state from the other. The map is a useful for teachers, students, geographers and even the layman who just wants to know the location and capitals of the US states.

Capitals of United States

From 1754 to 1819, Congress met in numerous locations; therefore, the following cities can be said to have once been the United States capital.

CityBuildingStart DateEnd DateDurationGoverning Body
Albany, New YorkStadt HuysJune 19, 1754July 11, 175422 daysAlbany Congress
New York, New YorkCity HallOctober 7, 1765October 25, 176523 daysStamp Act Congress
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaCarpenters' HallSeptember 5, 1774October 26, 17741 month and 21 daysFirst Continental Congress
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaIndependence HallMay 10, 1775December 12, 17761 year, 7 months and 2 daysSecond Continental Congress
Baltimore, MarylandHenry Fite HouseDecember 20, 1776February 27, 17772 months and 7 daysSecond Continental Congress
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaIndependence HallMarch 5, 1777September 18, 17776 months and 13 daysSecond Continental Congress
Lancaster, PennsylvaniaCourt HouseSeptember 27, 1777September 27, 17771 daySecond Continental Congress
York, PennsylvaniaCourt HouseSeptember 30, 1777June 27, 17788 months and 28 daysSecond Continental Congress
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaCollege Hall[citation needed]July 2, 1778March 1, 17812 years, 7 months and 27 daysSecond Continental Congress
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaIndependence HallMarch 2, 1781June 21, 17832 years, 3 months and 19 daysCongress of the Confederation
Princeton, New JerseyNassau HallJune 30, 1783November 4, 17834 months and 5 daysCongress of the Confederation
Annapolis, MarylandMaryland State HouseNovember 26, 1783August 19, 17848 months and 24 daysCongress of the Confederation
Trenton, New JerseyFrench Arms TavernNovember 1, 1784December 24, 17841 month and 23 daysCongress of the Confederation
New York, New YorkCity HallJanuary 11, 1785October 6, 17883 years, 11 months and 5 daysCongress of the Confederation
New York, New YorkFederal HallMarch 4, 1789December 5, 17901 year, 9 months and 1 dayUnited States Congress
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaCongress HallDecember 6, 1790May 14, 18009 years, 5 months and 8 daysUnited States Congress
District of ColumbiaUnited States CapitolNovember 17, 1800August 24, 181413 years, 9 months and 7 daysUnited States Congress
Washington, D.C.Blodgett's HotelSeptember 19, 1814December 7, 18151 year, 2 months and 18 daysUnited States Congress
Washington, D.C.Old Brick CapitolDecember 4, 1815March 3, 18193 years, 2 months and 27 daysUnited States Congress
Washington, D.C.United States CapitolMarch 4, 1819present201 years, 9 months and 16 daysUnited States Congress

State capitals of the United States

S.N.StateAbr.State-hoodCapitalCapital sinceArea (mi²)Capital Population (2019 est.)Population Rank in State (City Proper)
1AlabamaAL1819Montgomery1846159.8198,5252
2AlaskaAK1959Juneau19062716.732,1133
3ArizonaAZ1912Phoenix1889517.61,680,9921
4ArkansasAR1836Little Rock1821116.2197,3121
5CaliforniaCA1850Sacramento185497.9513,6246
6ColoradoCO1876Denver1867153.3727,2111
7ConnecticutCT1788Hartford187517.3122,1053
8DelawareDE1787Dover177722.438,0792
9FloridaFL1845Tallahassee182495.7194,5007
10GeorgiaGA1788Atlanta1868133.5506,8111
11HawaiiHI1959Honolulu184568.4345,0641
12IdahoID1890Boise186563.8228,9591
13IllinoisIL1818Springfield183754114,2306
14IndianaIN1816Indianapolis1825361.5876,3841
15IowaIA1846Des Moines185775.8214,2371
16KansasKS1861Topeka185656125,3104
17KentuckyKY1792Frankfort179214.727,67914
18LouisianaLA1812Baton Rouge188076.8220,2362
19MaineME1820Augusta183255.418,6818
20MarylandMD1788Annapolis16946.7339,1747
21MassachusettsMA1788Boston163089.6692,6001
22MichiganMI1837Lansing184735118,2105
23MinnesotaMN1858Saint Paul184952.8308,0962
24MississippiMS1817Jackson1821104.9160,6281
25MissouriMO1821Jefferson City182627.342,83815
26MontanaMT1889Helena18751432,3156
27NebraskaNE1867Lincoln186774.6289,1022
28NevadaNV1864Carson City1861143.455,9166
29New HampshireNH1788Concord180864.343,4123
30New JerseyNJ1787Trenton17847.6683,20310
31New MexicoNM1912Santa Fe161037.384,6834
32New YorkNY1788Albany179721.496,4606
33North CarolinaNC1789Raleigh1792114.6474,0692
34North DakotaND1889Bismarck188326.973,5292
35OhioOH1803Columbus1816210.3898,5531
36OklahomaOK1907Oklahoma City1910620.3655,0571
37OregonOR1859Salem185545.7174,3653
38PennsylvaniaPA1787Harrisburg18128.1149,5289
39Rhode IslandRI1790Providence190018.5179,8831
40South CarolinaSC1788Columbia1786125.2131,6742
41South DakotaSD1889Pierre18891313,6468
42TennesseeTN1796Nashville1826525.9670,8201
43TexasTX1845Austin1839305.1978,9084
44UtahUT1896Salt Lake City1858109.1200,5671
45VermontVT1791Montpelier180510.27,8556
46VirginiaVA1788Richmond178060.1230,4364
47WashingtonWA1889Olympia185316.746,47824
48West VirginiaWV1863Charleston188531.646,5361
49WisconsinWI1848Madison183868.7259,6802
50WyomingWY1890Cheyenne186921.164,2351

Insular area capitals

An isolated or insular area is a US territory that is not either a part of one of the 50 states nor a part of the DC (District of Columbia), the US's federal district. Those insular territories with their capitals are mentioned below.

Capitals of US Insular Areas

Insular areaAbr.DateCapitalPopulation (2010)
American SamoaAS1899Pago Pago3,656
GuamGU1898Hagåtña1,051
Northern Mariana IslandsMP1947Saipan48,220
Puerto RicoPR1898San Juan3,95,326
U.S. Virgin IslandsVI1917Charlotte Amalie18,481

Former national capitals

Kingdom and Republic of Hawaii

Before becoming a territory of the US in 1898, Hawaii was an independent nation. 5 sites served as its capital:

HawaiiCapitalDuring
Kingdom of HawaiiWaikīkī1795 - 1796
Hilo1796 - 1803
Kailua-Kona1812 - 1820
Lahaina1820 - 1845
Honolulu1803 - 1812
1845 - January 17, 1893
January 17, 1893 - July 4, 1894 (as the seat of the Hawaii's Provisional Government after the dethrone of the Kingdom of Hawaii)
Republic of HawaiiJuly 4, 1894 - July 7, 1898
Territory of HawaiiJuly 7, 1898 - 1959 (covered by the Newlands Resolution to turn into the Territory of Hawaii)
State of Hawaii1959 - till date (Hawaii on becoming a state of the US in 1959)

Republic of Texas

Prior to joining the US under the Texas Annexation in 1845, the state of Texas was an autonomous nation acknowledged as the Republic of Texas. 7 cities served as its capital:

CityDuring
Washington (now Washington-on-the-Brazos)1836
Harrisburg (now part of Houston)1836
Galveston1836
Velasco1836
West Columbia1836
Houston1837 - 1839
Austin1839 - 1845 (present capital)

Native American capitals

Few Native American tribes, especially the 5 Civilized Tribes, formed their states with capitals and constitutions in Western style. Rest, like the Iroquois, had long-existing, pre-Columbian custom of a 'capitol' longhouse where council fires and wampum were continued with significant status. Since they did trade with the United States Federal Government, these capitals can be observe as officially accepted in some sense.

Cherokee Nation

CapitalDuring
New Echota1825 - 1832
Red Clay1832 - 1838
Tahlequah1839 - 1907, 1938 - present
Cherokee20th century - present (Cherokee's Eastern Band)

Muscogee Creek Nation

CapitalDuring
Hot Springs, Arkansas c.1837-1866
Okmulgee1867-1906

Iroquois Confederacy

CapitalDuring
Onondaga (Onondaga privilege c.)1450-present
Seneca Nation of Indians
Jimerson Town (Allegany Reservation)
Irving (Cattaraugus Reservation)

Navajo Nation

Window Rock

Unrecognized national capitals

There have been few nations inside the present borders of the US which were never officially accepted as constitutionally autonomous sovereign entities; but, these entities did have actual regulation over their respective areas at the time of their existence.

Vermont Republic

CapitalDuring
Westminster1777
Windsor1777 - 1791

State of Franklin

CapitalDuring
Jonesborough, Tennessee1784 - ?
Greeneville, Tennessee1785? - ?

State of Muskogee

CapitalDuring
Miccosukee1799 - 1803

Republic of West Florida

CapitalDuring
St. Francisville, Louisiana1810

Republic of Indian Stream

CapitalDuring
Pittsburg, New Hampshire1832 - 1835

California Republic

CapitalDuring
Sonoma1846

Confederate States

CapitalDuring
MontgomeryFebruary 4, 1861 - May 29, 1861
RichmondMay 29, 1861 - April 3, 1865

Historical state, territorial, and colonial capitals

Many of the original 13 Colonies had their capitals captured or assaulted by the British at the time of the American Revolutionary War. State administration worked where and as they could. The New York City was captured by British army from 1776 to 1783. A same situation happened at the time of the War of 1812, during the time of American Civil War in various Confederate states, and at the time of the Pueblo Revolution of 1680 - 1692 in New Mexico.

22 state capitals have been a capital for a long period of time than their state has been a state, since they operated as the capital of a former colony, territory, or republic. Boston, the capital of Massachusetts, has been an administrative capital since 1630; it is the most aged continuously-operating capital in the US. Santa Fe, the capital of New Mexico, is the earliest capital city, having develop into capital in 1610 and disrupted only by the preceding Pueblo Revolt. An even much older Spanish city, St. Augustine in Florida, operated as a colonial administrative capital from 1565 until about 1820, for more than 250 years.

The table below consists the following facts and information:

The year mentioned for every capital is the starting date; the final date is the starting date for the heir except otherwise mentioned.

In some cases, capitals of historical administrations were outside of the present boarders of a state. (Those capital cities are mainly shown with the 2 letter abbreviation for the US state in which the previous capital is now situated.)

NOTE: For the first 13 states, formerly the 13 Colonies of Britain on the Atlantic coast, the year of admission to union is shown as 1776 (US Declaration of Independence) instead of the following year each state approved the 1787 US Constitution.

Historical capitals in the USA

StateCapitalDate
Alabama (Statehood in 1819)San Agustín1565
Savannah1733
1755
1776
Augusta (GA)1778
Heard's Fort (GA)1780
Augusta (GA)1781
Savannah (GA)1782
Ebenezer (GA)1782
Savannah (GA)1784
Augusta (GA)1786
Louisville (GA)1796
Natchez (MS)1798
Washington (MS)1802
St. Stephens1817
Huntsville1819
Cahawba1820
Tuscaloosa1826
Montgomery1846
Alaska (Statehood in 1959)Novo-Arkhangelsk Sitka1808
1867
1900
Juneau1906
1912
1959
Arizona (Statehood in 1912)Santa Fe (NM)1848
1850
Mesilla (NM)1862
San Antonio (TX)1862
Fort Whipple1864
Prescott1864
Tucson1867
Prescott1877
Phoenix1889
1912
Arkansas (Statehood in 1836)Saint-Louis1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Arkansas Post1819
Little Rock1821
1836
California (Statehood in 1850)Loreto (BCS)1770
Presidio Reál de San Carlos de Monterey1777
1804
1821
1846
1849
Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe1850
Vallejo1852
Benicia1853
Sacramento1854
Colorado (Statehood in 1876)Denver City1859
Golden City1860
Denver City1861
Colorado City1862
Golden City1862
Denver1867
1876
Connecticut (Statehood in 1776)Fort Amsterdam (NY)1625
Hartford1639
New-Haven1640
Boston (MA)1686
Hartford1689
joint capitals1701
1707
1776
Hartford1875
Delaware (Statehood in 1776)Fort Kristina1638
New-York (NY)1655
1664
1673
1674
Philadelphia (PA)1682
New Castle1704
1707
1776
Dover1777
Florida (Statehood in 1845)Fort de la Caroline1564
St. Augustine1565
1763
1783
Santa María de Ochuse Pensacola1763
1783
Tallahassee1824
1845
Georgia (Statehood in 1776)San Agustín1565
Savannah1733
1755
1776
Augusta1778
Heard's Fort1780
Augusta1781
Savannah1782
Ebenezer1782
Savannah1784
Augusta1786
Louisville1796
Milledgeville1807
Macon1864
Milledgeville1865
Atlanta1868
Hawaii (Statehood in 1959)Lahaina1820
Honolulu1845
1894
1898
1959
Idaho (Statehood in 1890)Oregon City (OR)1843
1848
Salem (OR)1851
Olympia (WA)1853
Lewiston1863
Boise1865
1890
Illinois (Statehood in 1818)Marietta (OH)1788
Vincennes (IN)1800
Kaskaskia1809
1818
Vandalia1820
Springfield1839
Indiana (Statehood in 1816)Marietta (OH)1788
Vincennes1800
Corydon1813
1816
Indianapolis1825
Iowa (Statehood in 1846)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Detroit (MI)1834
Belmont (WI)1836
Burlington1837
1838
Iowa City1841
1846
Des Moines1857
Kansas (Statehood in 1861)St. Louis1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Pawnee1855
Shawnee Mission1855
Lecompton1856
Topeka1856
Minneola1858
Topeka1861
Kentucky (Statehood in 1792)Williamsburg (VA)1699
1707
1776
Richmond (VA)1780
Frankfort1792
Louisiana (Statehood in 1812)San Agustín1565
La Mobile1702
Bilocci1720
New Orleans1722
1763
1800
1804
1812
Donaldsonville1830
New Orleans1831
Baton Rouge1849
Opelousas1862
Shreveport1863
New Orleans1865
Baton Rouge1882
Maine (Statehood in 1820)Île Sainte-Croix1604
Port-Royal (NS)1605
Boston (MA)1630
1686
1689
1691
1707
1774
1776
1780
Portland1820
1827
Augusta1827
1832
Maryland (Statehood in 1776)St. Mary's City1634
Annapolis1694
1707
1776
Massachusetts (Statehood in 1776)Plimouth1620
Boston1630
1686
Plimouth1688
Boston1689
1692
1707
1774
1776
1780
Michigan (Statehood in 1837)Marietta (OH)1788
Chillicothe (OH)1800
Vincennes (IN)1800
Corydon (IN)1813
Detroit1805
1837
Lansing1847
Minnesota (Statehood in 1858)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Marietta (OH)1788
Vincennes (IN)1800
Kaskaskia (IL)1809
Detroit (MI)1818
Belmont (WI)1836
Burlington (IA)1837
1838
Madison (WI)1838
Iowa City (IA)1841
Saint Paul1849
1858
Mississippi (Statehood in 1817)San Agustín1565
Savannah1733
1755
1776
Augusta (GA)1778
Heard's Fort (GA)1780
Augusta (GA)1781
Savannah (GA)1782
Ebenezer (GA)1782
Savannah (GA)1784
Augusta (GA)1786
Louisville (GA)1796
Natchez1798
Washington1802
Natchez1817
Jackson1821
Missouri (Statehood in 1821)St. Louis1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Saint Charles1821
Jefferson City1826
Montana (Statehood in 1889)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Fort Vancouver (WA)1825
Oregon City (OR)1843
1848
Salem (OR)1851
Olympia (WA)1853
Omaha (NE)1854
Yankton (SD)1861
Lewiston (ID)1863
Bannack1864
Virginia City1865
Helena1875
1889
Nebraska (Statehood in 1867)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Omaha1854
Lincoln1867
1867
Nevada (Statehood in 1864)Fillmore (UT)1850
Salt Lake City (UT)1858
Carson City1861
1864
New Hampshire (Statehood in 1776)Boston (MA)1630
Portsmouth1680
Boston (MA)1686
Portsmouth1689
1691
1698
1707
1741
Exeter1775
1776
Concord1808
New Jersey (Statehood in 1776)Fort Amsterdam (NY)1625
1652
Elizabethtown (now Elizabeth)1665
Perth Amboy1673
Burlington1673
Boston (MA)1688
Perth Amboy1689
Burlington1689
joint capitals1702
1707
1776
Trenton1784
New Mexico (Statehood in 1912)San Juan de los Caballeros1598
La Villa Real de la Santa Fé de San Francisco de Asís1610
El Paso del Norte (now Ciudad Juárez CHH)1680
La Villa Real de la Santa Fé de San Francisco de Asís Santa Fe1692
1821
1824
1846
1846
1850
Mesilla1862
San Antonio (TX)1862
Santa Fe1912
New York (Statehood in 1776)New-York1625
1652
1664
1673
1674
Boston (MA)1688
New-York1689
1691
1707
1776
Kingston1777
Hurley1777
Poughkeepsie1777
New York1788
Albany1797
North Carolina (Statehood in 1776)San Agustín (FL)1565
Charlestown (SC)1670
1707
New Bern1712
1776
Fayetteville1789
Raleigh1794
North Dakota (Statehood in 1889)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Detroit (MI)1834
Belmont (WI)1836
Burlington (IA)1837
1838
Iowa City (IA)1841
Saint Paul (MN)1849
Omaha (NE)1854
Yankton (SD)1861
Bismarck1883
1889
Ohio (Statehood in 1803)Marietta1788
Chillicothe1800
1803
Zanesville1810
Chillicothe1812
Columbus1816
Oklahoma (Statehood in 1907)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Arkansas Post (AR)1819
Little Rock (AR)1821
Tahlequah1838
Tuskahoma1838
Tishomingo1855
Wewoka1866
Okmulgee1867
Pawhuska?
Guthrie1889
1907
Oklahoma City1910
Oregon (Statehood in 1859)Champoeg1843
Oregon City1843
1848
Salem1851
Corvallis1855
Salem1855
1859
Pennsylvania (Statehood in 1776)Philadelphia1682
1707
1776
Lancaster1799
Harrisburg1812
Rhode Island (Statehood in 1776)Providence1636
Portsmouth1639
1644
Providence1644
Boston (MA)1686
Providence1689
1707
five capitals1776
joint capitals1854
Providence1900
South Carolina (Statehood in 1776)San Agustín (FL)1565
Charlestown1670
1707
1712
1776
Columbia1786
South Dakota (Statehood in 1889)St. Louis (MO)1765
1800
1804
1805
1812
Detroit (MI)1834
Belmont (WI)1836
Burlington (IA)1837
1838
Iowa City (IA)1841
Saint Paul (MN)1849
Omaha (NE)1854
Yankton1861
Bismarck (ND)1883
Pierre1889
Tennessee (Statehood in 1796)New Bern (NC)1712
1776
Rocky Mount1790
White's Fort Knoxville1791
1796
Kingston1807
Knoxville1807
Nashville1812
Knoxville1817
Murfreesboro1818
Nashville1826
Texas (Statehood in 1845)Los Adaes (LA)1729
San Antonio de Béxar (now San Antonio)1772
Saltillo (COA)1824
Monclova (COA)1833
Washington (now Washington-on-the-Brazos)1836
Galveston1836
Harrisburg1836
Velasco1836
Columbia1836
Houston1837
Austin1839
1845
Utah (Statehood in 1896)Salt Lake City1849
Fillmore1850
Salt Lake City1858
1896
Vermont (Statehood in 1791)Westminster1777
Windsor1777
1777
1791
Montpelier1805
Virginia (Statehood in 1776)Jamestown1619
Middle Plantation Williamsburg1698
1707
1776
Richmond1780
Washington (Statehood in 1889)Champoeg (OR)1843
Oregon City (OR)1843
1848
Salem (OR)1851
Olympia1853
1889
West Virginia (Statehood in 1863)Jamestown (VA)1619
Middle Plantation (VA) Williamsburg (VA)1698
1707
1776
Richmond (VA)1780
Wheeling1861
1863
Charleston1870
Wheeling1875
Charleston1885
Wisconsin (Statehood in 1848)Marietta (OH)1788
Vincennes (IN)1800
Kaskaskia (IL)1809
Detroit (MI)1818
Belmont1836
Burlington (IA)1837
Madison1838
1848
Wyoming (Statehood in 1890)Lewiston (ID)1863
Yankton (SD)1864
Cheyenne1869
1890